DNA testing in France

If you have French heritage, you might wonder why you don’t have many French DNA matches. Here is an overview of DNA testing in France to help you better understand where you might find your French cousins.

Is DNA testing legal in France?

According to the French bioethics law, DNA testing is only allowed for medical, scientific or judicial purposes. The main concern is that paternity tests and medical DNA tests shouldn’t be done without supervision. But the ban also extends to genealogical DNA tests.

When this law was debated earlier this year, genealogists thought that this would change. And that DNA testing for genealogy would be possible, at last. But the National Assembly and the Senate finally decided against it.

In consequence, France remains the last country in Europe where DNA testing is still illegal.

This mostly means that no French company is allowed to sell DNA tests for recreational purposes like genealogy. And that French people shouldn’t have their DNA tested outside of a medical facility.

However, no one has ever been fined for buying a direct-to-consumer DNA test. And more and more French people have had their DNA tested anyway, by buying kits to DNA testing companies abroad.

Where can you buy DNA tests from France?

As a consequence DNA tests are not as easy to buy from France as from other countries. Some of the major international companies (like Ancestry) do not ship their tests to France. And most of the companies don’t make advertisements in France.

23andme and FamilyTreeDNA have been selling DNA tests in France the longest. But none of their websites are available in French, which is an obstacle for some French people.

MyHeritage started selling in France in 2018, and they have done a lot of advertisement for their tests, on TV and through Youtube videos. They are also the only ones who provide information in French. So this is where most French people buy their DNA tests nowadays.

However data protection is a big concern for many French people: they would rather not “give away” their DNA outside of the European Union. So a lot of French genealogists are waiting for a legalization before buying DNA tests.

Where can you find French DNA matches?

As Ancestry doesn’t ship to France, you might not have a lot of French DNA matches there. You might find a few French DNA matches on FamilyTreeDNA and 23andme.

But nowadays, it’s on MyHeritage that you will have the most chances of finding French cousins. Moreover MyHeritage allows you to filter your matches by country. Which is convenient if you want to focus on your French heritage.

Recently, a very popular French genealogy website – Geneanet – launched their DNA matching service. They do not sell DNA tests, but you can upload your results from any other major company (Ancestry, FamilyTreeDNA, MyHeritage, LivingDNA, 23andme) to find DNA matches.

Their main asset is that they have a large database of family trees for France (and neighboring countries such as Belgium, Luxembourg, …). So most of your matches will have a documented family tree, which will help you find the connection.

For now, it is still in beta test, so there are no analysis tools (no chromosome browser, etc.). It will only tell you “you share x% with this person”. And there are not a lot of people yet. But I’m sure this will change in the upcoming months and that it will grow bigger.

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7 thoughts on “DNA testing in France

  1. I have already entered my DNA on Geneanet. I have matched with two people and we have been in contact with each other and found matching French ancestors. Lee

  2. I just uploaded my info to Geneanet and came up with a few matches. Unfortunately, it’s basically useless because people don’t have family trees, and in many cases, they don’t even use their names. If you want to find matches on any site, add a tree and your name. Women should use their maiden name.

  3. In honor of my late father who served in Europe in WWII, I assist at no charge families researching their WWII family history.

    I am assisting a 75-year-old man in France who is searching for relatives of his American GI father.

    To access the DNA of Americans, I sent him an Ancestry DNA kit.

    He is unable to access the DNA section of his Ancestry account from his computer in France. But using his username and password, I can access the DNA section of his Ancestry account from my PC in the U.S.

    Ancestry has just received his DNA kit so we have not results yet.

    While ideally, I would like him to have direct access to his results for now we have agreed that I will forward the results to him. If we find a close relative of his father’s, I will assist him in contact them.

    I have been following the instructions of GI Trace, a group in the United Kingdom that helps children and grandchildren find their American GI fathers and grandfathers from WWII through the Cold War.

    Is my assessment accurate that Ancestry DNA results may be blocked in France?

    Any other ideas or suggestions.

    Thank you.

    1. Hello,
      I haven’t tested with Ancestry so I am not sure, but I think that the DNA pages are indeed blocked in France.
      However, I believe it should be possible for him to access it through a Virtual Private Network.
      Best regards,
      Elise

    2. Hello Mr. Cizewski,
      I am trying to solve a mystery for my 75 year old mother… From her DNA results we had done a year ago, we determined that her father wasn’t her bio father… We strongly believe she was fathered by a man from the French Military (Air Force) when my grandmother was stationed in Keelser AFB in Biloxi Mississippi in 1944. The French sent men to Keesler to be trained by the USAF and my grandmother worked at the base commissary while she was there. I’ve uploaded my mom’s DNA data to this site in hopes that there are French people doing the same… Thoughts and/or suggestions?
      Thanks,
      Lance M. Zeigler
      Maryland, USA

  4. I uploaded my raw DNA to Geneanet about a year ago. I have about 90 matches with people in France. Also, found several members who share my ancestors in their family trees. Great site for researching your French heritage. 0

  5. Thank you for sharing your insights. I was wondering why I did not have a lot of French Ancestry matches and did not know, until today, that ‘recreational’ DNA testing was illegal in France.
    My French ancestry lies in the Haute-Savoie region, however I am sure there is a larger area that would be covered. It is helpful to be a member of the GeneaNet site, particularly for their newspaper documentation and announcements.

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